Monday, May 16, 2016

Yellow Iris...

Iris pseudacorus (yellow flagyellow iriswater flaglever[1]) is a species in the genus Iris, of the family Iridaceae. It is native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa. Its specific epithet, meaning "false acorus," refers to the similarity of its leaves to those of Acorus calamus, as they have a prominently veined mid-rib and sword-like shape.
It is an herbaceous flowering perennial plant, growing to 100–150 centimetres (or a rare 2 metres ) tall, with erect leaves up to 90 centimetres long and 3 centimetres broad. The flowers are bright yellow, 7–10 centimetres across, with the typical iris form. The fruit is a dry capsule 4–7 centimetres long, containing numerous pale brown seeds. I. pseudacorus grows best in very wet conditions, and is often common in wetlands, where it tolerates submersion, low pH, and anoxic soils. The plant spreads quickly, by both rhizomeand water-dispersed seed. It fills a similar niche to that of Typha and often grows with it, though usually in shallower water. While it is primarily an aquatic plant, the rhizomes can survive prolonged dry conditions.